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قراءة كتاب The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 48, October 7, 1897 A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls

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‏اللغة: English
The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 48, October 7, 1897
A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls

The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 48, October 7, 1897 A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls

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دار النشر: Project Gutenberg
الصفحة رقم: 4

treaty are said to be that the Mahdi will not oppose the British forces advancing as far as Khartoum, and that they may station troops to keep possession of the land they have gained, but that they must not attempt to go a step farther. The Mahdi is to remain King of Khartoum.

It is not yet known whether the terms of peace will be accepted by England.

An interesting find was made at Berber. When the British troops entered the town they found on one of the boats in the river a uniform-case marked Gordon Pasha.

The English officers to whom it was brought were much moved at the sight of an article that had once been the property of the unfortunate General Gordon, who was killed by the Mahdists at Khartoum on January 26, 1885.

There is news of Professor Andrée.

You remember that he started from Spitzbergen in a balloon, hoping to sail across the North Pole.

A report from Arctic Russia says that on the night of September 14th the inhabitants of a little village saw a balloon which was believed to be that of Andrée's.

A day or two after this a carrier-pigeon brought a despatch from the traveller.

The tidings brought by this bird were that Andrée was making a good voyage to the eastward, and that all was going well.

There is no doubt that this message is a genuine one from the explorer. The pigeon bore on its wings the same markings as on those which the adventurer carried with him. Scientists have, however, expressed their opinion that Andrée has failed to reach the Pole. The message of the bird and the direction in which the balloon was seen to be going have convinced them that Andrée has been carried eastward, and not across the Pole, as he had hoped.

It is thought that by this time the gas in the balloon must have become exhausted, and that Andrée and his companions have had to cut loose from it, and are on the ice somewhere near Spitzbergen, and that they may perhaps be so fortunate as to drift near enough to civilization to be picked up and rescued.

Interesting news has reached us about Lieutenant Peary.

He left Boston in July to see if he could not establish a settlement far to the north in Greenland, which should serve him as a base of supplies, or a place where he could leave the main part of his baggage, and to which he could send or return at will.

Lieutenant Peary's plan for reaching the North Pole, when he sets out in 1898, is to establish a number of Esquimau colonies at certain distances apart, and leave supplies with each colony on which he can fall back in case of need.

He reports that he will have no difficulty in carrying out his plan. He met a number of old friends among the Esquimaux, all of whom were eager to help him in his work of exploring the north of Greenland and searching for the North Pole. He has every hope that the new trip which he is about to undertake will be a successful one.

Lieutenant Peary reports that he is bringing with him the great Cape York meteorite, which he intends to place in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

A meteorite is a fallen meteor or star, a mass of metal that has fallen upon the earth from space. It is often called a fallen star.

From the earliest times to the present there is a record of 520 meteorites having fallen upon the earth; 142 of this number fell in the United States; 13 were seen to fall.

Forty-five years ago a traveller visiting Greenland noticed that the natives used some kind of metal with which they put tips and edges on their weapons. On inquiry they told him that they obtained it from some large stones, but they could not or would not show him where the stones were to be found.

Lieutenant Peary determined to find them, as he suspected that they were meteorites, and after a long and careful search he found them on Melville Bay, a little east of Cape York.

There were three rocks, all of uncommonly large size, and on examination they proved to be meteorites, one of them being the largest ever found.

In 1895 the two smaller ones were brought back by Lieutenant Peary; but before he was able to move the larger one, the ice began to form in the bay, and not wishing to be blocked in for the winter, he had to leave the prize where it was.

Last year he made another effort to secure the big stone, but the machinery he was using to raise it got out of order, and he again had to abandon the attempt.

Now a message comes from Sydney, a port on Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, which says that he has arrived safely, bringing with him the famous meteorite.

When his vessel, the Hope, steamed into port she was in a very battered condition. She had encountered so many storms and such furious seas that her bulwarks had been washed away.

In addition to this she was burning her last ton of coal as she steamed into port, and so her crew must have been very glad when they sighted land.

We have not yet heard how the big meteorite was wrenched from its icy bed, and it is probable that when the Hope reaches New York we shall have an interesting story to tell you about it.

The news from the Sandwich Islands is of a very pleasant character.

The Hawaiian Senate met in extra session, and agreed to the annexation of the islands to the United States. There was not one vote against it, and so the treaty was ratified by a "unanimous vote" of the Senate.

Every Senator was in his seat as the roll was called, and nearly every one had a good word to say for annexation.

A protest against the treaty was handed to the President, and considered by the Senate before the treaty was ratified.

The Senators did not regard the protest as worthy of much consideration, as it was signed by but fifteen persons, all of whom were friends of the ex-queen. They therefore regarded it as a political scheme arranged by those royalists who still have hopes of restoring the monarchy.

It is said that Liliuokalani has a new plan for the throne of Hawaii. She has come to the conclusion that the people of the Sandwich Islands want neither her nor her rule any longer. She did so many bad things while she was queen that the people who would like to see the monarchy restored would not be willing that she should be queen again.

Liliuokalani has therefore decided to resign the throne in favor of her niece, the Princess Kaiulani.

This young lady is a charming and well-educated person, and the old Queen is wise enough to know that none of the objections which people have to her could apply to Kaiulani.

If the plan is successful, the young Queen is to make ample provision for Liliuokalani.

Meanwhile Japan has agreed to arbitrate the immigration question, but refuses to consider the matter from the Hawaiian point of view.

The complaint which was made against Japan in the first instance was that she evaded the law which provided that every immigrant must have a contract for labor and fifty dollars in cash in his pocket, by giving false contracts and lending the required fifty dollars, which immigrants gave back as soon as they were safely landed.

The Japanese refuse to enter into the question whether this fifty dollars was fraudulently supplied. They say that so long as each man had fifty dollars in his possession, it was nobody's business where or how he got it. They persistently refuse to arbitrate this point, which seems to be the most important of all the questions involved.

The Japanese are continuing to send large numbers of emigrants to Honolulu, and the Hawaiians have become very much alarmed about it.

They insist that the new colonists are Japanese soldiers disguised as laborers, and that the Mikado is sending them over to be in readiness to fight for the possession of the country in case the United States decides to annex it.

The strike in