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Troublous Times in Canada A History of the Fenian Raids of 1866 and 1870
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Title: Troublous Times in Canada A History of the Fenian Raids of 1866 and 1870
Author: John A. Macdonald
Release Date: October 22, 2006 [EBook #19599]
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK TROUBLOUS TIMES IN CANADA ***
Produced by Gardner Buchanan.
TROUBLOUS TIMES IN CANADA
A HISTORY OF THE FENIAN RAIDS OF 1866 AND 1870
BY CAPT. JOHN A. MACDONALD (A Veteran of 1866 and 1870)
Troublous Times in Canada.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.—Unhappy, Ireland Seething in Sedition—The Fenian Brotherhood—Hatching the Plot—The Movement of '65—A Split in the Fenian Camp.
CHAPTER II.—The Fenian Convention at Cincinnati—The Birth of the Irish Republic—"On to Canada"—Gen. Sweeny's Programme.
CHAPTER III.—The First Alarm—Canadian Volunteers Promptly Respond to the Call of Duty—The Campo Bello Fizzle—Fenians Gather on the Border—Operations on the Niagara Frontier.
CHAPTER IV.—The Landing in Canada—Preliminary Operations of the Fenian Forces Near Fort Erie—Advance into the Interior.
CHAPTER V.—The Second Alarm—Grand Uprising of the Canadian People—Departure of Troops for the Front—Gen. Napier's Plan of Campaign—List of the Various Corps Called out for Active Service.
CHAPTER VI.—The Battle of Ridgeway—A Baptism of Fire and Blood for the Canadian Troops—Splendid Coolness and Heroic Courage of the Volunteers at the Beginning of the Fight Ends in Disaster—The Honor Roll—Incidents of the Fight—Public Funerals for the Dead.
CHAPTER VII.—The Expedition on the Steamer "W. T. Robb"—Fierce Fight at Fort Erie—Stiff Resistance of a Gallant Band of Canadians Against a Fenian Force Ten Times Their Number—List of the Wounded and Captured.
CHAPTER VIII.—The Governor-General's Body Guard—Denison's Rapid Ride—Col. Peacocke's Movements from Chippawa to Fort Erie—The Bivouac at Bowen's Farm—Arrival of Col. Lowry's Force at Fort Erie.
CHAPTER IX.—Hurried Evacuation of Canada by Gen. O'Neil—Capture of the Escaping Fenians by the United States Gunboat "Michigan."
CHAPTER X.—The Chicago Volunteers—A Noble Band of Patriots Return Home to Defend Their Native Land—A Striking Example of Canadian Patriotism.
CHAPTER XI.—"Johnny Canuck" Afloat—The Toronto Naval Brigade—Splendid Service on Board the Gunboats—The Beginning of the Canadian Navy—Arrival of British Tars.
CHAPTER XII.—On the St. Lawrence and Eastern Frontiers—Muster of Troops at Kingston, Brockville, Prescott, Cornwall and Other Points.
CHAPTER XIII.—On the Vermont Border—Fenians Gather in Large Numbers—The Fizzle at Pigeon Hill—Arrest of the Fenian General Spier.
CHAPTER XIV.—Fenian Mobilization at Malone, N.Y., and Elsewhere—Gen. Meade's Prompt Action Stops the Invasion—Arrest of Gen. Sweeny and Staff.
CHAPTER XV.—The Fenian Prisoners—Correspondence Between the British and United States Governments Regarding Them.
CHAPTER XVI.—The Canadian Volunteers Receive the Thanks of the Government, and Warm Praise from the General Commanding and Other Officers for Their Patriotic Service in Defending the Country.
CHAPTER XVII.—A Retrospect of Events—A Combination of Unfortunate Circumstances Involve Leading Officers.
CHAPTER XVIII.—Dangers which Existed Previous to Confederation of the Provinces—Proposals of Annexation to the United States—Lessons Learned by the Fenian Raid.
Fenian Raid of 1870
CHAPTER I.—Gen. O'Neil Prepares for Another Raid on Canada—Secret Shipment of Arms to the Frontier.
CHAPTER II.—Another Call to Arms—The Canadian Volunteers Promptly Respond to the Summons.
CHAPTER III.—Fenians Again Invade Canada—A Raid from Vermont Promptly Repulsed by a Handful of Canadians.
CHAPTER IV.—Operations on the Missisquoi Frontier—The Battle of Eccles' Hill—Complete Defeat of the Fenian Army—Arrest of Gen. O'Neil.
CHAPTER. V.—The Canadian Frontier Vigilantly Guarded—Volunteers on Service at Danger Points all Along the Line.
CHAPTER VI.—Fenians Gather en the Huntingdon Border—Skirmish at Trout River—The Enemy Routed by the Canadian Troops.
CHAPTER VII.—The Dawn of Peace—The Volunteers Relieved from Further Service—Thanked by the Dominion Government, Lieutenant-General Commanding, and the Imperial Government—Medals Bestowed and Crown Lands Granted to the Veterans in Recognition of Their Services.
CHAPTER I.—Full Report of the Investigation by the Court of Inquiry in Regard to the Conduct of Lieut.-Col. Booker at the Battle of Lime Ridge, Together with the Evidence Submitted and the Finding of the Court.
CHAPTER II.—Report of the Charges Made Against Lieut.-Col. Dennis, Regarding his Conduct During the Fight at Fort Erie, with the Opinion Delivered by the Court of Inquiry who Investigated His Case.
One of the most dangerous and critical periods in the history of Canada was that which closely followed the termination of the Civil War between the Northern and Southern States of America in the year 1865. It is a strange fact that Canadian authors and historians do not seem to have fully realized the gravity of the situation that then existed, as the event has been passed over by them with the barest possible mention. Thus the people of the present generation know very little of the Fenian troubles of 1866 and 1870, and the great mass of the young Canadian boys and girls who are being educated in our Public Schools and Colleges are in total ignorance of the grave danger which cast dark shadows over this fair and prosperous Dominion in those stormy days. It was a period of great peril to this rising young Nation of the North, which might possibly have ended in the severance of Canada from British dominion. But happily this was prevented by the prompt measures that were taken to defend our soil, and the quick response that was made by the resolute Canadian Volunteers when the bugles sounded the call to assemble for active service on our frontiers.
The fierce conflict which had been waged in the United States of America for four long years between the North and the South was terminated by the subjugation of the latter in the spring of 1865, and the tattered battle flags of the Confederate forces were furled forever. Over a million of men, veteran soldiers of both armies, were still in the field when the Civil War ended, and when these mighty forces were disbanded, hundreds of thousands of trained warriors were thrown upon their own resources, without occupation or employment. While the majority of these soldiers quickly resumed their old business or farming pursuits, yet there remained