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قراءة كتاب Our English Towns and Villages

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‏اللغة: English
Our English Towns and Villages

Our English Towns and Villages

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دار النشر: Project Gutenberg
الصفحة رقم: 1




Library Curator, Hertfordshire County Museum; Sub-Librarian St. Alban's Cathedral, &c. Author of "Hertfordshire: a Reading-Book of the County", &c.

I do love these ancient ruins,— We never tread upon them but we set Our foot upon some reverend history.



Many things connected with the history of our towns and villages have to be passed over in an ordinary school history reader. In the following pages an attempt is made to call attention in simple language, very broadly and generally, to connecting-links with the past in our towns and villages. There are many relics and customs yet remaining in many places, which, with a little care and attention to local circumstances, may be made helpful in teaching history, so that it shall be something more than a collection of names, dates, battles, and lists of eminent persons.

The book is intended as a reader, not as a text-book to be worked up for examination purposes. Its aim is rather to arouse interest in the "why and the wherefore" of things which can be seen by an intelligent and observant boy or girl in the place in which he or she lives: to do for history, and the subjects connected with it, what "nature-lessons" are intended to do in their "sphere of influence". Attention is being directed to localities, their special history, physical, political, industrial, and commercial, as it has never been before in our Educational history; and all that a special locality can contribute in the way of illustration and exemplification is worth knowing, understanding, and utilising.

It is hoped that this book may be of some service in quickening intelligence in looking out for "things to see". The observation which is directed to noting the numbers on the motor cars, the names of locomotives, and the collection of postage-stamps and picture post-cards, can also be usefully turned, say, to noting the styles of architecture which really mark broadly great periods of our national life and development; and may help us, perhaps more than anything else, to arrange our ideas of the days of old in a proper order and sequence. An old building may be an excellent date-book.

The chapters are intended to be suggestive, not exhaustive, and may be expanded by the teacher in conversational or more formal lessons as his own predilection, taste, and judgment shall direct.

Local and County Histories, Guide-books and Hand-books will be found of great service to the teacher in dealing with special districts. The general subject embraces a very wide range of literature, but amongst books readily accessible may be mentioned English Towns, by E. H. Freeman; English Towns and English Villages, by Rev. P. H. Ditchfield; and the Rev. Dr. Jessopp's Essays in The Coming of the Friars and Studies of a Recluse.

In conclusion, the book is designed for older scholars who already know something of the dry bones of the history of England, and it is hoped that it may do something towards covering those dry bones with flesh, instinct with life and vigour.

H. R. W. H.
St. Alban's, December, 1905.


Chapter Page
I. Introduction 9
II. Men who lived in Caves and Pits 11
III. The Pit-Dwellers 14
IV. Earthworks, Mounds, Barrows, etc. 19
V. In Roman Times 22
VI. Early Saxon Times 26
VII. Early Saxon Villages 28
VIII. Anglo-Saxon Tuns and Vills 32
IX. Tythings and Hundreds—Shires 36
X. The Early English Town 41
XI. In Early Christian Times 44
XII. Monasteries 46
XIII. Towns and Villages in the Time of Cnut the Dane 51
XIV. Churches and Monasteries in Danish and Later Saxon Times