class="cn">IV. Snowdrop, Crocus, and Tulip 23
V. Vegetable Fingers 29
VI. The Great Water Beetle 35
VII. Daisies 40
VIII. Chaffinch and Song-Thrush 46
IX. Plants that Arm Themselves 52
X. The Horse Pond Again 58
XI. Wasps 63
XII. Dandelions 69
XIII. The Life of a Trout 75
XIV. Silkworms 81
“LOOK ABOUT YOU.”
I.—STRUCTURE OF STEMS.
“We are going to have a peep into the inside of these twigs,” said Uncle George, as he laid some willow and horse-chestnut twigs on the table.
“First,” he said, “let us examine the outside of them.” He handed a small willow branch to Tom and a horse-chestnut branch to Frank.
“Now, Frank, tell me all you see.”
“I see the rings of scars which mark each year’s growth,” said Frank. “This year’s growth is at the top, above the first ring of scars. Below this is last year’s growth. Then comes another ring of marks, and below this again is the growth of two years ago.”
“That is to say,” said his uncle, “the upper part of your twig is about one year old, the middle part is two years old, and the lower part is three years old. Go on, Frank.”
“The upper part is light brown, while the middle and lower parts are dark brown.”
“Take your lens, Frank, and look at that brown covering carefully.”
“Oh, it is studded all over with little oval marks like pits,” said Frank.
“Now, what about the buds?”
“The buds,” said Frank, putting down his lens, “are in pairs; and the stem is swollen where each pair of buds comes off.”
“Very good,” said Uncle